From the Otsego Herald
for Saturday, Sept. 19, 1812
Compiled, with comments
by HUGH C. MacDOUGALL
Weather: Utica 1812 Almanack: Thunder showers with heavy rain.
By Isaac Brock, Esq., Major General, now commanding his Majesty’s forces in the province of Upper Canada.
WHEREAS the territory of Michigan was this day, by capitulation, ceded to the arms of his Britannic Majesty, without any other condition than the protection of private property; and wishing to give an early proof of the moderation and justice of the government, I do hereby announce to all the inhabitants of the said territory, that the laws heretofore in existence shall continue in force until his Majesty’s pleasure be known, or so long as the peace & safety of the territory will admit thereof --
And I do hereby also declare and make known to the said inhabitants that they shall be protected in the full exercise and enjoyment of their religion; of which all persons, both civil and military, will take notice and govern themselves accordingly.
All persons having in theirpossession, or having any knowledge of public property, shall forthwith deliver in the same, or give notice thereof to the officer commanding, or Lt. Col. Nichol, who are hereby authorized to receive and give proper receipts for the same.
Officers of the militia will be held responsible that all arms in possession of militia men be immediately delivered up; and all individuals whatever, who may have in their possession arms of any kind, will deliver them up without delay.
Given under my hand, at Detroit, this 16th day of August 1812, and in the 52nd year of his Majesty’s reign.
(Signed) ISAAC BROCK, Major General.
COMMENT: American reports, already printed, stated that private property in Detroit had been plundered in spite of this proclamation. The provision on religion was undoubtedly intended to ensure to Detroit’s largely French population that their Catholic religion would not be interfered with.
By John Redman Coxe, for publishing a new periodical work called THE EMPORIUM OF ARTS AND SCIENCES. CONDITIONS:
I. The Emporium of Arts and Sciences will by published monthly; the first number will appear in May next.
II. Each number will contain eighty pages, illustrated with not less than two, and sometimes three engravings. It will be occasionally enriched with handsome and striking likenesses of eminent men of Europe and America, from original engravings now in possession of the publisher.
III. The quality of the paper, and the style of printing and engraving will be equal to any, and superior to the greater part of similar publications in Europe.
IV. The price of the Emporium will be seven dollars per annum, one half to be paid every six months.
The names of the subscribers to the Emporium will be given at the end of the Emporium at the conclusion of the second volume. No subscriptions will be taken for less than one year. Those who procure ten subscribers will be entitled to one copy.
Subscriptions and communication, post paid, will be received by the publisher, JOSEPH DELAPLAINE; or EDWARD PARKER, No. 187 Market-st. Philadelphia. Also by S.WOOD, 357, Pearl st. New-York, and by H. & E. PHINNEY, Jun., Cooperstown.
COMMENT: Apparently only five volumes were published. Dr. John Redman Coxe (1773-1864) was a famous, and at times contentious, Professor of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. He had studied in England and later under the famous Dr. Benjamin Rush in Philadelphia, and was an early and active proponent of vaccination. He was joined as editor by Thomas Cooper (1759-1839), an English immigrant to America who was a close friend of Jefferson, a political scientist (and at times radical politician) and taught various subjects at the University of Virginia, Dickinson College, University of Pennsylvania, and eventually South Carolina College. In England it is sometimes wrongfully assumed that he must have been a relation of James Fenimore Cooper. The opening number began with a very dry, table-ridden, discussion of English and French weights and measures, followed by an article (from 1805) on whether manufacturing establishments that emitted unpleasant smells were injurious to health.
Plattsburgh, Sept. 4.
Five sloops on Lake Champlain have been purchased for the use of the U.S. -- the Hunter, Champlain, Juno, Jupiter, and Fox. These, with two gun boats, if properly fitted out, would constitute a respectable naval force for this station; and it is not impossible but that such a force may be necessary to secure the entire command of the lake, as the British are actively fortifying the Isle Aux Noix, and are said to have a number of gun-boats at St. Johns.
One hundred and sixty batteaux, which were lately contracted to be built for government.
A considerable portion of them are at Whitehall; 15 or 20 are lying at this place. They are 57 feet long, and 8 wide, and will carry 40 or 50 men. It is said contracts are made for building sixty in addition to the above number.
COMMENT: Later on in the war, American naval forces on Lake Champlain would prove decisive in fending off a British invasion.
Herkimer, Sept. 10. Yesterday passed through this village 37 artificers (Ship Builders) from New York bound to Sacket’s Harbor, where they will go into immediate employ at building of Schooners on Lake Ontario.
COMMENT: Sacket’s Harbor was the main American naval base in the war.
From the Otsego Herald
- Otsego Herald
- British fortress taken This post was evacuated on Thursday last by the enemy ... On Thursday morning ... 4,000 men under the immediate command of Gen. [Morgan] Lewis, embarked aboard the fleet ...
- Attack on Sacket's Harbor Sacket's Harbor, near the beginning of the St. Lawrence River from Lake Ontario, was the principal American naval base on Lake Ontario during the War of 1812.
- Cooperstown election and law On Tuesday the 18th inst. [May], the following persons were elected officers for this village for the ensuing year: --
- Meteors Strikes New Haven, April 26. A short account of a METEOR, which was seen in this city by a number of gentlemen, on the evening of Saturday the 20th ultimo. [last].
- Maryland port attacked Havre de Grace, May 3. "This morning, a little after the break of day, a British armed force, under cover of armed vessels which anchored in front of this town ... landed below a small breast work which had been roughly thrown up, and in which were one 9 and two 4 pounders, manned by 50 militia.
- Canadian capital captured Dear Sir, I have just returned from Fort Niagara, where I saw a Captain of the United States' navy. He is just from little York, the capital of Upper Canada, and gives the following account, which is confirmed in official dispatches from Gen. Dearborn to Gen. Lewis ...
- 'Dubious' about weather, Hawkeyes 'suitable' nickname Unfortunately, it seems to us that this spring has, thus far, been anything but spring like. In fact, we are still more than happy to stay bundled up in our polar fleece.
- Public schools created The Common School Act of 1812 marked the start of New York's public school system. Much of the credit for this was due to the radical Otsego County politician Jedediah Peck (1747-1821). To quote the NY Education Department:
- River Raisin Massacre Those whose feelings have been harrowed by the narration of the murder of the wounded, by the allied forces the day after the defeat of gen. [Jamed] Winchester at Frenchtown, will duly esteem the callous wretch (calling himself an American, and, perhaps, unfortunately, born in the United States) that could insert such an article as the annexed, in his paper.
- Please pay up Bristol Gazette, March 20, 1813. On the 19th inst. arrived at Holmes' Hole, the United States sloop of war HORNET, of 16 guns, Captain [James] Lawrence, from a cruise. Off Surinam fell in with His Britannic Majesty's brig PEACOCK, Captain [William] Peake, of 19 guns, which he sunk after 15 minutes close action. The following from the log-book, was handed us, which diffused a general joy amongst the friends of "FREE TRADE & SAILORS RIGHTS."
- More Otsego Herald Headlines